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Chemistry Final

REVIEW SHEET

 

All Notes;  Chapters 9 - 18,  20

 

Stoichiometry

          MOLES – MOLES

          MOLES – GRAMS

          GRAMS – MOLES

          GRAMS – GRAMS

          LIMITING REAGENT

          PERCENT YIELD

 

States of Matter; Thermochemistry

          PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, GASES

          PHASE CHANGES

          ENDOTHERMIC/EXOTHERMIC REACTIONS

          THERMOCHEMICAL EQUATIONS

          SPECIFIC HEAT: DEFINITION AND CALCULATIONS

          CALCULATE ENERGY INVOLVED IN A PHASE CHANGE

CALCULATE HEAT OF REACTION FROM A

THERMOCHEMCAL EQUATION

 

Gas Laws

          CONVERT AMONG UNITS OF PRESSURE

          BOYLE’S LAW

          CHARLES’ LAW

          GAY – LUSSAC’S LAW

          COMBINED GAS LAW

          DALTON ’S LAW OF PARTIAL PRESSURE

          IDEAL GAS LAW

 

Electrons in Atoms

          MODELS OF THE ATOM ( Dalton , Thomson, Rutherford , Bohr,

                   And Quantum Mechanical)

          C = l n

        E = h n

        ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

          ATOMIC EMISSION SPECTRUM

          ELECTRON CONFIGURATIONS

 

Periodic Table and Chemical Periodicity

          ARRANGEMENT OF THE PERIODIC TABLE

          PERIODIC TRENDS IN:

                   ATOMIC SIZE

                   IONIZATION ENERGY

                   IONIC SIZE

                   ELECTRONEGATIVITY

 

Internal Bonding

          METALLIC BONDS

          COVALENT BONDS

          LEWIS DOT STRUCTURES

          VSEPR THEORY

          RESONANCE

          IONIC BONDING

         

External Bonds

          POLAR / NONPOLAR BONDS

          HYDROGEN BONDING

          PROPERTIES OF WATER

          DISSOLVING PROCESS

SOLUBILITY / INSOLUBILITY OF POLAR / NONPOLAR

SOLVENTS

 

Solutions

          BASIC TERMS

          MOLARITY

          MOLALITY

          CALCULATING BOILING POINT AND FREEZING POINT

                   CHANGES

 

Acids and Bases

          PROPERTIES OF ACIDS AND BASES

          CALCULATE [H+],  [OH-], pH and pOH

 

Final Review

Text Problems

 

p.  255:  25 a,b

p.  304:  13,  14

p.  337:  12,  13

p.  343:  24,  25

p.  351:  37,  38

p.  386:  38,  51

p.  528:  50,  52 a, c,  55 a, b,  58 a, b

p.  609:  39 a, b, c, d, 40 a,  41 a, c,  42,  63 a,c

 

 

Thermochemistry: 5 or less Step Problem

 

Example:  Calculate the amount of energy necessary to raise the temperature of 1 mole of water from – 10.0 oC  to  110.0 oC.